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Law School Electives

​​JU MPP students must take one policy oriented course at the Florida Coastal School of Law (FCSL) as an elective. Students must receive a grade of “C” or better for credit toward the MPP degree. FCSL grades will not be counted in the JU MPP gpa. JU MPP students may take up to two courses at FCSL for MPP credit.

The following 27 policy-oriented courses at FCSL may be taken by JU MPP Students:

PPOL LAWP. Bioethics and Public Health: FL-ETH-301
This course explores the intersection of law and ethics in the fields of medicine and public health. A core theme is examining the conflict between an individual patient's interest and interests of others or of society. Potential topics include, but are not limited to: patient autonomy, reproductive rights, genetic technologies, death and dying, organ allocation, infectious diseases, public health reporting, bioterrorism, and obesity.

PPOL LAWP. Education Law: FL-SPEC-315
This course will provide an introduction to the major court cases and policy surrounding the issues related to primary and secondary education in the United States. Topics will include Public Education vs. Private Education, Public School Governance, Rights and Responsibilities of Students (including special education), Rights and Responsibilities of Teachers, and Education Environment. Time permitting, the course explore the issues of vouchers, charter schools, and single-sex education.

PPOL LAWP. Federal Budget Process: FL-GOV 305
This course focuses on the budget process, the political entanglements and formal statutory aspects to complete the annual budget, as well as the troubling matter of the entitlement crisis involving Medicare, Medicaid, and Social Security. Other topics to study, review and analyze include: tax policy (federal income tax, fair tax, flat tax, value added tax , and federal transfer taxes (estate and gift taxes), disaster responses and costs, the design and implementation of a national health policy, revision of the social welfare system, design of a safety net and the creation of incentives to assists people out of poverty, review of the National Defense budget, and, finally, to study and review other relevant topics such as the programs created to meet the financial challenges caused by the current fiscal crisis.

PPOL LAWP. Gender and the Law: FL-PUB-306
This course will examine the various ways in which women been treated under American law. The course will begin with a history of law regarding women dating back to the English common law and the various movements for equal legal rights for women in the United States. The course will address the level of scrutiny given to gender bias in constitutional claims. The course will then proceed to analyze how the law treats women in various areas possibly including, but not limited to: discrimination in Public Accommodations, employment, military service, education, the criminal justice system as both victims and perpetrators, women’s health issues and reproductive rights, women and the first amendment (e.g., hate speech and pornography); women and family law (divorce and parenthood); and other such related topics.

PPOL LAWP. Intellectual Property: FL-SPEC-306
This course surveys federal and state law governing the scope, acquisition, transfer and protection of copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets and patents. Emphasis will be placed on the protection afforded works of the performing arts and product identification.

PPOL LAWP. International Human Rights: FL-INTL-314
This course focuses on the human rights provisions of the U.N. Charter and the implementations contained in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; the Genocide Convention; the Covenants on civil, political, economic, and social rights; and in other treaties. Legislation recently enacted by the U.S. Congress to promote respect for internationally recognized human rights throughout the world and the policies of the executive branch of the U.S. government in this matter are examined. Efforts made by regional organizations in this hemisphere and in Western Europe to protect human rights also receive attention, and the recent Helsinki, Belgrade, and Madrid conferences are discussed. Special attention is paid to the rights of women set forth in the U.N. Covenant for the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW).

PPOL LAWP. Labor Law: FL-EMPL-302
This course examines workers' rights to organize unions under the National Labor Relations Act as amended. Topics include how unions become collective bargaining representatives, unfair labor practices, strikes, and grievance resolution, including relations between unions and their members. A major focus is on policy issues, including power relationships in the workplace, the roles unions play in our society, the role of legislative supports for collective bargaining, arbitration, and union strategies for dealing with complex social and workplace issues.

PPOL LAWP. Law and Literature: FL-SPEC-333
Law and Literature is one of the most inclusive of the postmodern legal movements, encompassing the study of both law in literature and law as literature. Law in literature, including poetry, fiction, and drama, questions what literature says about positive law, like-like processes, and law-related behavior. Law as literature applies literary interpretative devices and methods to legal texts such as the Constitution, statutes, legal documents, judicial opinions, and legal scholarship. This approach to literary and legal texts demonstrates how law and literature’s common bond of language supplies their power, reveals their fallibility.

PPOL LAWP. Law of Information Technology: FL-SPEC-329
This course explores the impact of technology on traditional legal areas such as trade secrets, copyright, patents, trademarks, databases protection, contracts and licensing, antitrust and international protection. (Renamed from Cyberlaw; Renamed from Internet Law).

PPOL LAWP. Media Law: FL-SPEC-300
This course examines the laws that affect mass media operations in the United States, including both print and broadcast media. Special attention is devoted to the press' freedoms under the First Amendment, but other topics such as defamation law, public access to records and courts, newsgathering torts, and statutory privileges for the press are also covered.

PPOL LAWP. Race and the Law: FL-PUB-304
This course will explore how race, has been addressed in American law and public policy historically and how race may continue to play a role in American law in the present and future. Students will examine cases and legislation concerning race, including but not limited to: Plessy v. Ferguson, Brown v. Board of Education, and the Civil Rights Act of 1964.The course materials will provide the context to discuss racial disparities in areas including, but not limited to: education, housing, employment, and the criminal justice system. The course will also expand students’ abilities to analyze the relative merits and demerits of the legal and non-legal strategies used to influence policymakers on racial issues.

PPOL LAWP. Regulation of the Health Care Industry: FL-SPEC-303
This course addresses the regulatory schemes that govern the provision of healthcare. The class focuses on three major themes: quality of care, access to care, and cost of care. Potential topics include, but are not limited to, the organization of healthcare entities, the hospital-medical staff relationship, the regulation of health insurers and managed care providers, Medicare/Medicaid, fraud and abuse, reforming the health care system and uninsured crisis, and other topics.

PPOL LAWP. Special Topics in Health Law: Genetics and the Law: FL-HLTH-600
This course explores developments in genetics such as stem cell research and the Human Genome Project, and issues involving reproduction, access to health care, discrimination, privacy, forensics and gene therapy. A core theme of the course is examining the relationship between genetics developments and legal issues arising from those developments.

PPOL LAWP. Urban Sprawl: FL-SPEC-326
Most of Florida's cities and suburbs are dominated by "sprawl" – that is, low-density, automobile-oriented development. This course explores the legal issues surrounding sprawl, including land use regulations that facilitate sprawl and the pros and cons of possible reforms.

Policy or Business Law School Courses
(Recommended for MPP-MBA Joint Degree Program Students)

PPOL LAWB. Business Associations: FL-BUSI-200
This course is a study of business enterprise structures including corporations, partnerships and limited liability companies. Topics to be considered in this class include the sources of authority to act, corporate powers and privileges, stock issuance and dividend matters, fiduciary duties and responsibilities, the role of corporate managers, rights and remedies of shareholders and creditors, and the relationship of state and federal law. Basic concepts of agency law are also explored.

PPOL LAWB. Business Development: FL-BUSI-310
This course will examine the legal principles and strategies involved in the development of a business enterprise. The course will focus on the activities of an entrepreneurial venture from the prospective of both the business manager and the attorney as development team members. With a practical approach, the students will examine the legal needs and documents in the development of a business enterprise through the following stages: Start-up; Capital formation through debt financing; Capital formation through equity financing; Growth through franchising; Growth through Mergers and Acquisitions; and Going Public.
Each class member will be part of a management team creating and building a mock business enterprise from start-up to an initial public offering. Each team will prepare a basic business plan, a Regulation D Private Placement Memorandum and a Franchise Disclosure Document (FDD). The class will be taught in a workshop fashion with an objective of examining and developing the following practical skills: Teamwork; Persuasive Oral and Written Communication; and the drafting of Federal Disclosure Documents.

PPOL LAWB. Law and Economics: FL-BUSI-306
This course includes an economic analysis of the common law; consideration of the economic effects of governmental regulation of the modern economy; and the study of different theories of economic regulation as they apply to regulatory regimes such as antitrust, securities markets, and public utilities.

PPOL LAWB. Mergers and Acquisitions: FL-CORP-300
This course is a survey of the law of mergers and acquisitions, including the most common types of business combinations, documentation of those combinations, fiduciary duties in an acquisition context, and the impact of securities, antitrust and tax law on business combinations.

Policy o​r Environmental Law School Courses
(Recommended for MPP-Marine Science Joint Degree Program Students)

PPOL LAWE. Environmental Law: FL-ENVL-303
This survey course will introduce students to environmental law by focusing primarily on federal pollution control statutes and regulations. Topics covered may include the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, and the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act.

PPOL LAWE. Environmental Law Concepts: FL-ENVL-304
This course examines the conceptual foundations of environmental law from a variety of perspectives. It considers the constitutional underpinnings of modern environmental law and examines constitution-based doctrines (federalism, standing, dormant Commerce Clause, takings, citizen suits, and separation of powers) as they relate to environmental law disputes. Common law underpinnings of environmental law such as the public trust doctrine, toxic torts, and public nuisance also are reviewed. The course evaluates the important role that information-based statutes (NEPA and EPCRA) play in environmental law. The intersection of environmental law with criminal law and corporate law also is reviewed.

PPOL LAWE. Natural Resources Law: FL-ENVL-323
This survey course will introduce students to the law of natural resources management, including issues of preservation and exploitation. Topics covered may include public lands management, mineral extraction, water allocation, wildlife regulation, and management of marine living resources. The course compliments Environmental Law.

PPOL LAWE. Ocean and Coastal Law: FL-ENVL-316
This course addresses judicial and legislative responses to conflicts in uses of ocean and coastal resources. Topics covered include public and private property rights in shoreline areas and submerged lands, coastal zone management and protection under the federal Coastal Zone Management Act, public beach access, coastal erosion, public trust doctrine, regulatory takings in coastal areas, domestic and international laws governing marine species protection, fisheries management conflicts, vessel-based pollution, and domestic and international ocean management law and policy.

PPOL LAWE. Global Climate Change Seminar: FL-ENVL-319
Global climate change is the most significant environmental challenge of the twenty-first century. Drawing on domestic, comparative, and international sources, this course will examine the science, economics, law, and policy involved in understanding and responding to the global climate change. The Kyoto Protocol’s regulatory mechanisms and possible alternative approaches to the international regulation of climate change will be explored. Regulatory strategies in the United States at the federal, regional, state, and local levels will be considered and compared to programs in other nations. Voluntary corporate compliance initiatives and climate change litigation strategies will be evaluated as possible catalysts for regulatory reform.

PPOL LAWE. Special Topics in Environmental Law: Urban Climate Change: FL-ENVL-600
Some may assert that climate change is overstated as an issue, and thus initial theories and evidence should be objectively explored on both sides of the issue. Thus, a heightened sensitivity to the issues and controversy is one of the objectives. Topics include environmental effects of growth, environmental justice, brownfields, urban best practices, corporate liability and the globalization of corporate decisionmaking, social philanthropy and taxation disincentives.

PPOL LAWE. Special Topics in Environmental Law: Water Law: FL-HLTH-600
Water law is a critical part of the environmental and natural resource law continuum. It is central to how cities and states decide who has the right to water and how conflicts which arise when entities compete for this resource are resolved. Eastern or Riparian Law and the Western or Prior Appropriation Law will be compared. Students will study how water is appropriated and owned and will learn about the various legal regimes that govern the allocation of water in Florida and the western United States. Through analysis of case law, students will learn about topics such as climate change and the development and protection of the Everglades. The issue of whether water should be a public good or a market-based resource will also be examined. Finally, treaty regimes and the solution of water allocation conflicts between the United States and Mexico on the one hand and Canada on the other will be discussed.

Administrative Law and Statutory Interpretation
(Required for MPP-JD students)

PPOL LAWJD. Administrative Law: FL-GOVT-307
Agencies make legally binding laws, called regulations, and have the power to decide who has violated the laws they have created. Regardless of the type of law you practice, it is highly probable that you will have to deal with agencies. This course will teach you the law governing agencies and how to challenge agency actions. This course will also examine such issues as what kind of a role the judiciary should have in controlling agencies, whether agencies can take actions for political reasons, and how agencies should treat people who apply for benefits. Simply stated, the course is valuable for anyone who wants to practice law.

PPOL LAWJD. Statutory Interpretation and Legislative Process: FL-SPEC-330
In this age of statutory proliferation, an understanding of how courts interpret statutes is a crucial skill every attorney should possess. The dominant purpose of this class is to train students to make effective statutory interpretation arguments on behalf of their clients. Through a combination of exercises and cases, the class explores the academic and judicial debate concerning appropriate methods of statutory interpretation, and how these methods may be relevant to the interpretation of other important legal documents such as regulations and contracts. Students will learn different devices that are used in the interpretation of statutes, such as canons of construction, legislative history and precedent, as well as different theories of statutory interpretation, such as textualism, dynamic statutory interpretation and purposive interpretation.